Energy Systems involved in Volleyball. The sport of volleyball is composed of short intervals of rapid and explosive movements such as jumping, diving and sprinting short distances. Because of the nature of the sport and the length of rallies, the sport is generally anaerobic, and uses these two systems for energy (ATP): 1.
Volleyball Fitness. Training the Right Energy Systems. An athlete needs a high level of volleyball fitness to deal with the physical stress that occurs during long grueling practices, matches, and tournaments. Appropriate energy system development allows volleyball players to perform stronger and more powerful without undesirable fatigue.
The energy system demands of a volleyball player are for the most part aerobic. What is important, however, is the energy system of a play, which is anaerobic in most cases. In a series of plays you will have a high intensity anaerobic burst followed by a recovery period. Your fitness level will determine if you can recover from the anaerobic burst in time to do it again.
Energy Systems Used in Sports. The three energy systems do not work independently of one another. From very short, very intense exercise, to very light, prolonged activity, all three energy systems make a contribution however, one or two will usually predominate (5).
The aerobic system is the most utilized of the three. It provides energy for low intensity activities that last anywhere from two minutes to a few hours. Unlike the other two systems, the aerobic system requires oxygen and takes much longer to overload.
Aerobic System. The most complex energy system is the aerobic or oxygen energy system, which provides most of the body's ATP. This system produces ATP as energy is released from the breakdown of nutrients such as glucose and fatty acids. In the presence of oxygen, ATP can be formed through glycolysis.
Lactic acid energy system. So the aerobic energy system deals with our longer endurance energy needs and the ATP-PC system covers all the super short bursts. The lactic acid energy system deals with everything in-between – a few minutes of intense activity.
Essentially, this system is dominant when your alactic anaerobic energy system is depleted but you continue to exercise at an intensity that is too demanding for your aerobic energy system to handle. Like the alactic anaerobic energy system, this system is also anaerobic and so it does not require any oxygen.